Minimum Wage Requirements: A Simple Guide

Every province and territory have their own set of minimum wage requirements in Canada.

March 7, 2022

Most countries in the world have a certain percentage of minimum wage for workers. The minimum wage is set up according to each province and territory in Canada. Also, the minimum wage is produced across all the jurisdictions in Canada. This article is all about understanding the minimum wage requirements in Canada. Yogi And Associates will answer all your queries about minimum wage requirements, so let’s get started!

Defining the Minimum Wage

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The minimum wage is the lowest hourly pay rate that an employer pays to an employee. Almost all employees are eligible for minimum wage, no matter if they work full-time, part-time, or get their pay at the rate per hour. The pay period determines the compliance with minimum wage requirements. If you run a Canadian company, click here for a list of Minimum Wage Requirements in Canada.

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In January 1, 2022, minimum wage rates increased and the special minimum wage rate that previously applied to certain “liquor servers” was eliminated.

How to calculate General Minimum Wage?

The general minimum wage applies to most of the employees. In order to calculate the general minimum wage, we have an example for you:

  • Calculation of general minimum wage: Sara works 38 hours on a weekly basis.
  • The minimum wage applicable to Sara is $15.00 per hour.

Minimum Wage requirements for Most Employees:

The minimum wage requirements and the wage rates of most of the employees are as follows:

1. Student Minimum Wage

The general minimum wage requirements apply to a student under 18 who works 28 per week when school is in session. Or if they work during a school break or summer holidays. The minimum wage rate for a student is $14.10 per hour. 

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“A day’s pay for a day’s work is more than adequate when both the work and the work are appreciated as much as they are expected.” –Cullen Hightower

2. Wilderness Guide Wage

A wilderness guide is an individual who works to guide, teach or assist people while they are busy in some other activity in a wilderness environment. A wilderness guide doesn’t include a fishing guide or a student under 18 years of age who works 28 hours every week. The minimum wage of a wilderness guide is $75.00 and this rate applies for working less than five consecutive hours per day.

3. Homeworkers Minimum Wage

A wilderness guide is an individual who works to guide, teach or assist people while they are busy in some other activity in a wilderness environment. The activities include horseback riding, wildlife viewing, hiking, etc. A wilderness guide doesn't have a fishing guide or a student under 18 who works 28 hours every week. The minimum wage of a wilderness guide is $75.00, and this rate applies for working less than five consecutive hours per day.

How does the provision of residence and food impact minimum wage?

If an employer has paid the minimum wage to the employee, the Employer can also consider the employee's room and board. The room and meals will be considered to have been paid as wages. Therefore, the Employer will pay the amount for room/board as minimum wage in this way:

1. Room (weekly)

  • Private $31.70
  • Non-Private $15.85
  • Non-Private (domestic workers only) $0.00

2. Meals

  • Each meal is $2.55
  • Weekly maximum $53.55

3. Rooms and meals (weekly)

  • With private room $85.25
  • With non-private $69.40
  • Non-Private (domestic workers only) $53.55

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"It is not the employer who pays the wages. Employers only handle the money. It is the customer who pays the wages.” –Henry Ford.

Let’s Wind Up!

In Canada, the minimum wage rate varies with every province and territory. The minimum wage rates may increase annually. The new rates get updated on October 1 of every year. If you are confused about minimum wage requirements, contact us now to get accurate information. 

Laila Batool

Executive Journalist

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